Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) is a global health concern that affects millions of people around the world. Despite significant advancements in HIV treatment and prevention, understanding the modes of transmission, recognizing the symptoms, and promoting awareness remain essential in combating the spread of the virus. In this article, we will explore HIV transmission, its symptoms, and the importance of awareness in managing this complex health condition.
HIV is primarily transmitted through specific body fluids, including blood, semen, vaginal fluids, rectal fluids, and breast milk. The most common modes of transmission include unprotected sexual contact with an infected partner, sharing contaminated needles or syringes during intravenous drug use, and from an HIV-positive mother to her child during pregnancy, childbirth, or breastfeeding. It’s crucial to note that HIV is not transmitted through casual contact, such as hugging, shaking hands, or sharing household items.